Meaning and Treatment of Moles on the Skin: Examination of Different Types of Moles and Methods of Safe Removal

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General Information

A mole is a benign growth that appears on the skin. Its key feature is the distinct pigmentation against the skin’s background.

These pigments can start appearing at an early age and are present in both children and adults. On one hand, their presence doesn’t cause any concerns. On the other hand, benign moles can potentially transform into malignant ones. Therefore, at the first signs of changes and noticeable symptoms, it’s important to consult a specialist.

In professional medicine, a mole is known as a nevus. Overall, it’s not a strictly medical term; the word is used to encompass various formations differing in nature.

Symptoms and Signs of Moles in Adults

In medical practice, there are sometimes dangerous moles that need to be removed promptly. Failure to do so can lead to unpleasant consequences. Therefore, it’s crucial to monitor the condition of pigmentation on the skin, especially if you have large moles or those that have started growing and visibly changing.

The symptoms of “bad” moles are as follows:

  • Moles appear in a different shape, symmetry is lost, and the growth occurs in one direction.
  • The edges become “ragged.”
  • Over time, the color changes, becoming uneven. This is the first sign that malignant moles are appearing on the skin.
  • Rapid changes in size.
  • Texture changes – smooth moles become rough and vice versa.
  • If there are hairs on the surface, sudden hair loss should be a cause for concern.
  • Flaking, itching, and burning in the area where the mole is present.

Causes of Appearance

Why do moles appear on the skin? Any experienced physician will say that there are several reasons for their appearance on the body:

  • Ultraviolet radiation.
  • Traumatic skin damage.
  • Systematic disruption of the integrity of the skin.
  • Negative effects of radioactive background.
  • Constant consumption of harmful foods, smoking, and alcohol consumption. This leads to constant growth of moles on the body.
  • Problems with the endocrine system, hormonal changes.
  • Hereditary predisposition.

Risk Factors

When moles appear on the body, the reasons usually involve several risk factors.

To prevent dangerous moles from appearing on the body, it is necessary to:

  • Limit sunbathing, avoid visiting tanning salons.
  • Minimize skin injuries.
  • Lead a healthy lifestyle – eat properly and eliminate harmful habits.

Complications

During mole removal, the laser non-invasively affects the skin area. This allows the mole to be removed in the shortest possible time. If the procedure is performed correctly, following established requirements, the removed mole will not cause any complications.

Thus, laser mole removal is the only safe method of getting rid of benign and malignant formations.

When to See a Doctor

There are two main types of moles:

  • Pigmented.
  • Vascular.

Usually, red moles on the body are harmless, but only if they haven’t changed color. If you find a mole, what should you do? First, we advise you to carefully examine it. You should seek medical attention for a mole if it exhibits:

  • Bleeding or flaking.
  • Itching.
  • Dark halo or rim.
  • Rapid enlargement.
  • Sudden color change.

Preparing for a Doctor’s Visit

Regardless of the types of moles covering your body, try to limit contact with the problematic area. Especially when it comes to direct exposure to ultraviolet rays.

Only a qualified doctor can check moles.

Diagnosis of Moles in Adults

Mole diagnosis is performed by a dermatologist-oncologist. They diagnose and remove moles using non-invasive laser technologies, including red moles.

Dermatoscopy is used during diagnosis. This device helps determine whether red moles are harmful to the human body. In some cases, a histological analysis is performed.

Treatment

During mole removal, the laser causes no discomfort. After the operation is complete, a small swelling appears on the treated area, which is eliminated with special ointments prescribed by the doctor.

The duration of the mole treatment course on the body is 2-3 months, depending on individual body characteristics.

Home Remedies

Using home remedies for mole treatment can exacerbate health problems. Therefore, we strongly recommend using only those remedies prescribed by the attending physician.

Myths and Dangerous Misconceptions in Mole Treatment for Adults

  • Moles can be removed at home. This is untrue. Melanoma may develop as a result.
  • Moles can be removed without examination. Histological analysis is the most reliable way to determine which method to use for mole removal – laser, liquid nitrogen, etc.

Prevention

The best preventive measure is to try to limit sunbathing, including reducing the number of visits to tanning salons. When moles appear, the reasons largely lie in an unhealthy lifestyle. Therefore, take care of yourself.

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