Problems of Oily Facial Skin: How to Control Sebum Production and Prevent Acne

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Oily facial skin is one of the main skin types characterized by increased activity of the sebaceous glands. Often, oily skin brings about many issues, hence it requires careful attention.

Why does skin become oily?

Oily skin is a condition caused by increased activity of the sebaceous glands, which produce sebum. One of the main reasons is genetic predisposition. Hormonal changes, especially during adolescence, pregnancy, menopause, or due to hormonal medication, also play a significant role, as hormones, particularly androgens, stimulate the sebaceous glands.

Improper skincare, the use of unsuitable cosmetic products, or excessive use of them can also lead to increased skin oiliness. Over-washing the face or using overly aggressive products can disrupt the natural balance and protective barrier of the skin, causing the sebaceous glands to work even more intensively.

Main signs of oily skin

Shine. One of the most noticeable signs is increased shine, especially in the T-zone (forehead, nose, chin). Shine appears shortly after washing or using facial lotion.

Enlarged pores. Oily skin often has larger and more noticeable pores, especially in the nose, cheeks, and forehead area.

Frequent appearance of blackheads and acne. Excessive sebum production often leads to pore blockage, which can cause inflammation and acne.

Contrary to common belief, increased skin oiliness doesn’t necessarily mean a predisposition to acne. Acne occurs in individuals with all skin types, including dry ones. The thing is, during acne, sebum becomes stickier, thus easily clogging pores. Additionally, during acne, pores are particularly sensitive to hormonal fluctuations, leading to inflammation. With such skin properties, acne can occur even with minimal sebum production.

Conversely, with proper care, oily skin may not have acne and pimples at all.

Advantages of oily skin: such skin is denser, thus wrinkles appear slower compared to dry skin, and it’s less prone to sagging.

Rules of caring for oily skin

To minimize all possible problems, we recommend adhering to several measures for caring for oily facial skin.

Regular cleaning

Contrary to common belief, drying out or degreasing oily skin is unnecessary. It will only increase sebum production. Using gentle cleansing products helps control excessive sebum production.

Products for oily skin should be gentle, without soap and alcohols in the composition. At the same time, they should effectively remove impurities. The faster the pores are cleansed, the less tendency there is for them to enlarge. Products containing AHA acids are ideal.

Home cleansing effectively complements professional facial cleansing. It can be ultrasonic cleansing to remove pore contents or manual cleansing in case of active inflammations. More often, we use their combination, as it gives the best effect. We apply special cosmetic products to cleanse the skin without steaming; this helps avoid unnecessary skin trauma.

Use of mattifying products

Since the appearance of oily skin is often marred by shine, mattifying products are relevant. These include tonics and masks with components that reduce oiliness, usually containing zinc, panthenol, charcoal, or white clay (kaolin).

Exfoliation

Scrubs with fine solid particles can traumatize the skin, especially if there are already inflammations. It’s much better to exfoliate daily, for example, using products with acids in the composition. For inflammation-prone skin, products with salicylic acid are recommended. Instead of aggressive removal of dead cells once a week (as with scrub use), exfoliation occurs gently and delicately but daily. This helps soothe the skin and make it softer.

Hydration

For oily skin, it’s not excess moisture but excess sebum. Therefore, such skin also needs hydration. Sufficient hydration helps soothe the skin and make the sebaceous glands’ work more manageable. For this purpose, daily use of moisturizing serums and creams with hyaluronic acid, ceramides, and other components is recommended.

Hydration using hyaluronic acid injections is a versatile procedure suitable for all skin types. By saturating the skin with moisture, hyaluronic acid-based preparations prolong its youthfulness, even out its tone, and protect against irritations.

Additional tips for oily skin care

Avoid products with aggressive cleansing components, such as sodium lauryl sulfate, which can irritate the skin and increase sebum production.

Regularly change towels and pillowcases to prevent bacterial buildup.

Use warm or cool water for washing, as hot water can increase sebum production.

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